average life span of London residents in the middle of the nineteenth
century was 27 years. For members of the working class, it was 22 years.
Berengaria, queen of England and wife of Richard the Lionhearted, never
set foot in England. She lived in Italy most of her life while her
husband was off on adventures and crusades.
According to what I've read, he was called Richard the Lionheart, not Lionhearted.